A1: No. The VFA is an agreement between the two countries to support the Mutual Defence Treaty (MDT). The MDT was established in 1951 between the United States and the Philippines to provide mutual assistance in the event of an attack on foreigners. Of course, in the midst of the hype, it is interesting to note that many things are still uncertain as to how the VFA`s closing process will actually unfold. The six-month period could see a series of developments that could change the nature of the Philippine decision, whether it is the engagement between the two sides or the evolution of Manila`s threat environment, as we have already seen with the Marawi crisis in 2017, which had mitigated some of Duterte`s anti-U.S. Instinct is temporary. And even if the VFA is terminated, it is interesting to note that the broader U.S.-Philippine alliance would be intact and that there is potential for negotiation for a similar agreement under the Duterte administration or a subsequent agreement (although the previous VFA was a challenge to go through the Philippine legislature). Nevertheless, given the headlines that continue to make headlines about the end of the VFA, it will be important to keep in mind the contours of its importance. There would be the transfer of the U.S. Navy Joseph Scott Pemberton, who currently declared a 10-year prison sentence in a Philippine Armed Forces facility (AFP) for the 2014 murder of Filipino transgender Jennifer Laude in the Penitentiary National Prison, Bagares. Pemberton was arrested at AFP Custodial Center „as part of an agreement“ between the two countries under the VFA. The end of the VFA would leave the U.S.

military in the Philippines, without any legal or operational reputation – and that`s a problem for the Alliance. Without a VFA, the U.S. military would not be able to support any of these defense agreements. A5: The termination procedure within the VFA provides for a 180-day delay between the announcement of the intention to withdraw until the official date of the revocation. In the absence of a new agreement, U.S. forces currently operating in the Philippines must leave or find a new legal status. These include U.S. forces helping the AFP fight against Islamic State-linked insurgents on the southern islands. As the AFP and the Philippine government make progress against the insurgents, U.S. support is stepping up and accelerating progress for the Philippines, while slowing or even reversing the spread of Islamic State in Southeast Asia. As I said in these pages, the alliance between the United States and the Philippines, born in 1951 from the Mutual Defense Treaty, is based on a deep and extensive partnership between the two countries, and was no stranger to a cycle of stress tests, including in the field of defense – be it the renegotiation of basic agreements in the 1970s or the closure of U.S. military installations in the early 1990s.

It is even worth recalling that the VFA itself is the result of a period of uncertainty for the Alliance in the 1990s: the agreement, ratified in May 1999 and which regulates the conditions under which US military personnel may temporarily be present in the Philippines, was reached after the Philippines perceived an increased threat from China in the early 1990s. , after the closure of the American bases. The Philippines-U.S. Visiting Agreement, sometimes the PH-US Visiting Forces Agreement, is a bilateral agreement between the Philippines and the United States, which consists of two separate documents. The first of these documents is commonly referred to as „VFA“ or „VFA-1″[1] and the second is referred to as „VFA-2″ or „counterparty agreement.“ [2] A Visiting Forces Agreement is a version of an agreement on the status of the armed forces that applies only to troops temporarily stationed in a country. The agreements entered into force on 27 May 1999, after ratification by the Philippine Senate. [3] [8] [10] The U.S. government considers these documents to be executive agreements that do not require the approval of the U.S. Senate.

[3] [42] The VFA is an agreement between Manila and Washington signed in February 1998 on the treatment of U.S. military personnel in the Philippines.